Manifestations of Herpes Virus Infections in the Nervous System.
Neurol Clin. 2018 Nov;36(4):725-738
Authors: Steiner I, Benninger F
The 3 neurotropic human herpes viruses, herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 and 2, and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) are capable of establishment of latent viral infection in trigeminal and dorsal root ganglia. HSV-1, and more rarely HSV-2, carries the potential to cause meningoencephalitis, with devastating clinical consequences. Immediate diagnosis, based on clinical presentation, MRI imaging, and molecular diagnosis by polymerase chain reaction, and initiation of therapy are mandatory to reduce mortality and neurologic permanent sequelae. VZV is associated with postprimary infection and reactivation disorders that may affect anywhere in the neuraxis. Early diagnosis and therapy are required.
PMID: 30366551 [PubMed - in process]