Parenteral Nutrition: Indications, Access, and Complications.
Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2018 Mar;47(1):39-59
Authors: Lappas BM, Patel D, Kumpf V, Adams DW, Seidner DL
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a life-sustaining therapy in patients with intestinal failure who are unable to tolerate enteral feedings. Patient selection should be based on a thorough assessment to identify those at high nutrition risk based on both disease severity and nutritional status. This article reviews both the acute and chronic indications for PN as well as special formulation consideration in specific disease states, vascular access, and complications of both short-term and long-term PN.
PMID: 29413018 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]