Pupillary light reflex as a new prognostic marker in patients with heart failure.
J Card Fail. 2018 Sep 20;:
Authors: Nozaki K, Kamiya K, Matsue Y, Hamazaki N, Matsuzawa R, Tanaka S, Maekawa E, Kishi T, Matsunaga A, Masuda T, Izumi T, Ako J
BACKGROUND: Autonomic function can be evaluated based on the pupillary light reflex (PLR). However, the relation between PLR and prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF) remains unclear. This study was performed to examine whether PLR could be used as prognostic indicator in patients with HF.
METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective review was performed in 535 consecutive Japanese patients hospitalized for acute HF (mean age 66.1 ± 13.7 years). PLR was recorded at least 7 days after hospitalization for HF using a pupilometer. Fifty-three patients died over a median follow-up period of 1.3 years (interquartile range: 0.6 - 2.3 years). Following adjustment for several preexisting prognostic factors, including Seattle Heart Failure Score (SHFS), PLR assessed by recovery time (time to 63% redilatation) was independently associated with all-cause mortality (Hazard ratio: 0.50; 95% confidence interval: 0.35 - 0.73; P < 0.001). The addition of recovery time to SHFS resulted in a significant increase in the area under the curve on receiver-operating characteristics curve analysis (0.69 vs. 0.77, P < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: PLR assessed by recovery time was an independent predictor of mortality, and added prognostic information to SHFS in patients with HF. Our results suggest that PLR may be useful as a new prognostic marker in HF patients.
PMID: 30244182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]