Cholecystectomy Vs. Cholecystostomy for the Management of Acute Cholecystitis in Elderly Patients.

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Cholecystectomy Vs. Cholecystostomy for the Management of Acute Cholecystitis in Elderly Patients.

J Gastrointest Surg. 2018 Sep 17;:

Authors: Schlottmann F, Gaber C, Strassle PD, Patti MG, Charles AG

BACKGROUND: Data comparing outcomes following cholecystectomy and cholecystostomy tube placement (CTP) in elderly patients are lacking. We aimed to compare the post-procedural outcomes between cholecystectomy and CTP in elderly patients with acute cholecystitis.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective, population-based analysis using the National Inpatient Sample for the period 2000-2014. Patients ≥ 65 years old admitted with a primary diagnosis of acute cholecystitis and who underwent either cholecystectomy or CTP during their hospitalization were included. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used to analyze post-procedural complications, mortality, length of stay, and total charges. The effect of procedure type on patient outcomes, stratified by acalculous and calculous cholecystitis, was also performed.
RESULTS: A total of 200,915 patients were included, of which 7516 underwent CTP and 193,399 underwent cholecystectomy. The median age of patients undergoing CTP and cholecystectomy was 80 (IQR 73-87) and 75 (IQR 70-81), respectively. Patients undergoing CTP were more likely to have post-procedural infection (OR 2.25; 95% CI 2.07, 2.45), bleeding (OR 1.28; 95% CI 1.19, 1.37), and inpatient mortality (OR 9.27; 95% CI 7.95, 10.81). On average, CTP patients stayed 1.25 days longer (95% CI 1.14, 1.37) in hospital after the procedure. The benefits of cholecystectomy were consistent in patients with acalculous and calculous cholecystitis.
CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients with both acalculous and calculous acute cholecystitis managed with CTP have higher incidences of post-procedural morbidity and mortality, and longer post-procedure length of hospital stay, as compared to cholecystectomy. Unless prohibitive surgical risks exist, elderly patients with acute cholecystitis should undergo cholecystectomy.

PMID: 30225792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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