Diagnostic value of procalcitonin in ventilator-associated pneumonia.

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Diagnostic value of procalcitonin in ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Med Clin (Barc). 2018 Aug 25;:

Authors: Corbacho Re MF, Rocchetti NS, Settecase CJ, Bagilet DH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Procalcitonin (PCT) can help the early diagnosis of bacterial infections and estimate the response obtained. The objective is to study the value of PCT for the diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP).
PATIENTS AND METHOD: Prospective and observational study, carried out for 18 months, in a polyvalent Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Those included were over 18 years of age, with suspected pneumonia after 48h of mechanical ventilation (MV). Collected were demographic characteristics; admission pathology; reason for beginning MV; gravity scores (APACHE II, SAPS II and SOFA); C-reactive protein (CRP) and PCT. At the time of suspicion of VAP: early or late, radiological severity, presence of septic shock, SOFA, CRP, PCT and microbiology.
RESULTS: Ninety-one patients with suspected VAP were included. The mean age was 42 (17.76) and that of hospitalisation in the ICU was 18.59 (11.69) days. VAP was confirmed in 74 patients, of which 19 (25.7%) presented septic shock. The mortality was 28.4%. There were no significant differences of the PCT in the patients who presented VAP versus those who did not present VAP (P=.449). When patients without VAP, with VAP and VAP with shock, were compared, the PCT median was 0.38 (CI95%: 0.22-1.90), 0.56 (CI95%: 0.19-1.77) and 1.93 (CI95%: 0.38-10.07), respectively (P=.169).
CONCLUSIONS: In our study, PCT did not prove useful for the diagnosis of VAP.

PMID: 30154009 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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