Do we need biomarkers for the follow-up and shortening of antibiotic treatment duration?

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Do we need biomarkers for the follow-up and shortening of antibiotic treatment duration?

Curr Opin Crit Care. 2018 Aug 16;:

Authors: Dianti M, Luna CM

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Clinical and laboratory parameters are useful tools for the diagnosis, follow-up and evaluation of resolution, and to predict outcomes when measured at different time-points onset and serially during follow-up in patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia and/or ventilator-associated pneumonia (HAP/VAP).
RECENT FINDINGS: Both, the 2017 ERS/ESICM/ESCMID/Asociación Latino Americana de Tórax (EEEAG) and the 2016 IDSA/ATS guidelines (IAG) for the management of HAP/VAP recommend using clinical criteria alone, rather than biomarkers for diagnosis. Several studies were conducted to assess the value of serum biomarker concentration and kinetics for predicting the outcome in HAP/VAP, including C-reactive protein and procalcitonin (PCT). Although the EEEAG do not recommend routinely performing biomarker determinations in addition to bedside clinical assessment in patients receiving antibiotic treatment for VAP or HAP to predict adverse outcomes and clinical response, the IAG recommend that routine bedside clinical assessment should be accompanied by measurements of PCT to guide antimicrobial therapy. Additionally, the 2016 Surviving Sepsis Campaign also suggests that PCT levels can be used to support the shortening of antibiotic therapy.
SUMMARY: Current evidence indicate that there is no recommendation to use biomarkers systematically to guide every decision. However, in some circumstances they might add some relevant information to our everyday practice.

PMID: 30124483 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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