Clinical Probability Tools for Deep Venous Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, and Bleeding.
Clin Chest Med. 2018 Sep;39(3):473-482
Authors: Harder EM, Desai O, Marshall PS
Overdiagnosis of venous thromboembolism is associated with increasing numbers of patient complications and health care burden. Multiple clinical tools exist to estimate the probability of pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis. When used with d-dimer testing, these can further stratify venous thromboembolism risk to help inform the use of additional diagnostic testing. Although there are similar tools to estimate bleeding risk, these are not as well-validated and lack reliability.
PMID: 30122172 [PubMed - in process]