New-Onset Diabetes After Acute Kidney Injury Requiring Dialysis.

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New-Onset Diabetes After Acute Kidney Injury Requiring Dialysis.

Diabetes Care. 2018 Aug 13;:

Authors: Lin YF, Lin SL, Huang TM, Yang SY, Lai TS, Chen L, Wu VC, Chu TS, Wu KD, National Taiwan University Hospital Study Group on Acute Renal Failure (NSARF)

OBJECTIVE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is related to a high prevalence of insulin resistance. However, information is lacking on the sequelae of further metabolic change among AKI requiring dialysis in patients who could be weaned off dialysis (acute kidney disease [AKD]).
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using the National Health Insurance Research Database from 2000 to 2010, with the exclusion of those with diabetes at the start, we identified 3,307 subjects with AKD and 9,921 matched control subjects from 963,037 hospitalized patients for the comparison of the outcomes, including new-onset diabetes and all-cause mortality.
RESULTS: Within the median follow-up period of 5.99 years, AKD patients had a higher incidence of new-onset diabetes than the matched control patients (5.16% vs. 4.17% per person-year, P = 0.001). AKD patients were at higher risk of mortality than control patients (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 1.27 [95% CI 1.18-1.36], P < 0.001). With mortality as a competing risk, a Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that AKD patients had a higher risk of subsequent diabetes (subhazard ratio [sHR] 1.18 [95% CI 1.07-1.30], P < 0.001) compared with the matched control patients. Subgroup analysis showed that patients with baseline hypertension (aHR 1.15 [95% CI 1.04-1.28]), hyperlipidemia (aHR 1.23 [95% CI 1.02-1.48]), and gout (aHR 1.23 [95% CI 1.03-1.46]) had increased odds of developing new-onset diabetes during follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients who experienced AKI had a higher incidence of developing new-onset diabetes and mortality. This observation adds evidence regarding potential metabolic dysregulation after AKI.

PMID: 30104297 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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