Gender Differences Among Patients With Acute Pulmonary Embolism.
Am J Cardiol. 2018 Jun 22;:
Authors: Tanabe Y, Yamamoto T, Murata T, Mabuchi K, Hara N, Mizuno A, Nozato T, Hisatake S, Obayashi T, Takayama M, Nagao K
Gender differences in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) remain unclear and controversial. We aimed to understand the gender differences in patients with APE treated in the cardiovascular care units. The registry database of 1,428 patients with APE treated at the Tokyo cardiovascular care unit Network institutions from 2010 to 2014 was retrieved for analysis. In all, 795 women (55.7%) and 633 men (44.3%) were included in this study. The women were older than men (68.0 ± 16.1 vs 60.9 ± 15.6 years, p <0.0001). Compared with men, women had more complaints of dyspnea and disturbed consciousness, lesser complaints of leg symptoms, and chest pain. Pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (51.5 ± 22.2 mm Hg vs 47.4 ± 22.4 mm Hg, p = 0.012) and the serum B-type natriuretic peptide level (180.4 [50.7 to 526.1] pg/ml vs 107.0 [25.0 to 306.8] pg/ml, p <0.0001) on admission, was higher in women than in men. Severe cases with massive embolism were seen more in women compared with men (14.6% vs 9.2%, p = 0.0002). The use of inferior vena cava filters were lower in women than in men (31.9% vs 37.3%, p = 0.029). Furthermore, 30-day PE-related mortality was higher in women than in men significantly (5.0% vs 2.8%, p = 0.043). In conclusion, women APE patients were older with higher severity than men APE patients, resulting in poor prognosis.
PMID: 30072127 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]