Beta-Blockers and ACE Inhibitors Are Associated with Improved Survival Secondary to Ventricular Tachyarrhythmia.

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Beta-Blockers and ACE Inhibitors Are Associated with Improved Survival Secondary to Ventricular Tachyarrhythmia.

Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2018 Aug 03;:

Authors: Schupp T, Behnes M, Weiß C, Nienaber C, Lang S, Reiser L, Bollow A, Taton G, Reichelt T, Ellguth D, Engelke N, Ansari U, El-Battrawy I, Bertsch T, Akin M, Mashayekhi K, Borggrefe M, Akin I

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The study sought to assess the impact of treatment with beta-blocker (BB) or ACE inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker (ACEi/ARB) on secondary survival in patients presenting with ventricular tachyarrhythmia.
BACKGROUND: Data regarding outcome of patients presenting with ventricular tachyarrhythmia treated with BB and ACEi/ARB is limited.
METHODS: A large retrospective registry was used including consecutive patients presenting with ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation from 2002 to 2016 on admission. Applying propensity-score matching for harmonization, the impact of "BB" and "ACEi/ARB" was comparatively evaluated. The primary prognostic outcome was long-term all-cause death at 3 years.
RESULTS: A total of 972 matched patients were included. Both patients with BB (long-term mortality rate 18 versus 27%; log rank p = 0.041; HR = 0.661; 95% CI = 0.443-0.986; p = 0.043) and with ACEi/ARB (long-term mortality rate 13 versus 23%; log rank p = 0.004; HR = 0.544; 95% CI = 0.359-0.824; p = 0.004) revealed better secondary survival compared to patients without after presenting with ventricular tachyarrhythmia on admission. The prognostic benefit of BB was comparable to ACEi/ARB (long-term mortality rate 21 versus 26%; log rank p = 0.539).
CONCLUSION: BB and ACEi/ARB were associated with improved secondary survival in patients surviving ventricular tachyarrhythmia on admission.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02982473.

PMID: 30074111 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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