Low-dose CT examination for rib fracture evaluation: A pilot study.

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Low-dose CT examination for rib fracture evaluation: A pilot study.

Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(30):e11624

Authors: Jin L, Ge X, Lu F, Sun Y, Li C, Gao P, Gao F, Li M

Abstract
The aim of this study was to assess the applicability of low-dose thoracic computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of rib fractures.A total of 37 trauma patients were selected for CT scanning using a noise index (NI) model. Each patient was scanned at both NI = 11 and NI = 26, while the other scanning parameters were kept the same. The scanning dose length product (DLP) and effective dose (ED) were recorded after each examination. Two radiologists diagnosed the rib fractures by degree (I, II, III, and IV) using Bone Reading software and axial images. Image quality was scored by 2 experienced radiologists using a 5-point scale. The numbers and degrees of rib fractures for different NIs were recorded and tested using the Chi-squared test. The interobserver differences were determined by kappa statistics.The CTDIvols and EDs for NI = 11 and NI = 26 were 9.82 ± 4.78, 5.75 ± 2.75, and 2.14 ± 1.19 and 1.24 ± 0.73, respectively; the latter was decreased by 78.2% and 78.4% relative to the former. Low-dose thoracic CT was feasible for the auxiliary diagnosis of rib fractures using Bone Reading software (P > .05). There was perfect interobserver concordance in terms of diagnostic acceptability (kappa = 0.931, 0.905).The use of an appropriate low-dose CT scanning technique is satisfactory for the assessment and diagnosis of rib fractures.

PMID: 30045304 [PubMed - in process]

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