Early mobilisation of patients with community-acquired pneumonia reduce length of hospitalisation-a pilot study.
J Phys Ther Sci. 2018 Jul;30(7):926-932
Authors: Melgaard D, Baandrup U, Bøgsted M, Bendtsen MD, Kristensen MT
[Purpose] To examine if length of stay was reduced following an early mobilisation programme in patients with community-acquired pneumonia, and secondary, if such a program influenced short-term rehospitalisation and mortality rates. [Participants and Methods] Ninety seven consecutive patients (51% men; over all mean ± SD age 71.9 ± 16.5 years) with community-acquired pneumonia were included in the intervention group, and compared with a historical control group of 97 patients, matching at case level. Early mobilisation was defined as more than 20 minutes out of bed within 24 hours of hospitalisation. [Results] Eighty out of 97 patients in the intervention group were mobilised within 24 hours and length of stay for all patients was reduced with an average of 1.5 (95%CI: -0.2; 3.2) days compared to the control group. There was no significant difference between the two groups according to 30-day rehospitalisation and mortality. [Conclusion] An early mobilisation program seem to reduce the length of stay for patients with community-acquired pneumonia, and without an increase in short-term mortality and re-hospitalisation rates.
PMID: 30034100 [PubMed]