Nutrition Therapy in Sepsis.
Crit Care Clin. 2018 Jan;34(1):107-125
Authors: Wischmeyer PE
Sepsis is characterized by early massive catabolism, lean body mass (LBM) loss, and escalating hypermetabolism persisting for months to years. Early enteral nutrition should attempt to correct micronutrient/vitamin deficiencies, deliver adequate protein and moderated nonprotein calories, as well-nourished patients can generate reasonable endogenous energy. After resuscitation, increasing protein/calories are needed to attenuate LBM loss and promote recovery. Malnutrition screening is essential, and parenteral nutrition can be safely added when enteral nutrition is failing based on preillness malnutrition. Following discharge from intensive care unit, significantly increased protein/calorie delivery is required for months to years to facilitate functional and LBM recovery.
PMID: 29149933 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]