Activity of dalbavancin and comparator agents against Gram-positive cocci from clinical infections in the USA and Europe 2015-16.

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Activity of dalbavancin and comparator agents against Gram-positive cocci from clinical infections in the USA and Europe 2015-16.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2018 Jun 29;:

Authors: Pfaller MA, Mendes RE, Duncan LR, Flamm RK, Sader HS

Abstract
Background: Many infections due to Gram-positive cocci (GPC; staphylococci, streptococci and enterococci) regularly involve prolonged systemic antibiotic use. Dalbavancin has demonstrated activity against GPC isolates and has been approved for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs) in adults.
Objectives: To evaluate the activity of dalbavancin against GPC isolated from a variety of infection types in the USA and Europe.
Methods: A total of 14 319 Staphylococcus aureus, 1992 CoNS, 3269 β-haemolytic streptococci (BHS), 2071 Enterococcus faecalis, 936 Enterococcus faecium, 71 Enterococcus gallinarum/casseliflavus and other Enterococcus spp., 3487 Streptococcus pneumoniae and 1063 viridans group streptococci (VGS) causing clinical infections were consecutively collected (2015-16) and tested for susceptibility by broth microdilution methods.
Results: All S. aureus (36.4% MRSA) isolates were susceptible to dalbavancin, teicoplanin and vancomycin, while daptomycin and linezolid showed susceptibility rates of >99.9% (according to CLSI criteria). Dalbavancin MIC results were at least 16-fold lower than these comparators against all S. aureus. Dalbavancin was the most potent agent against CoNS [62.2%/59.6% methicillin-resistant (CLSI/EUCAST)], followed by daptomycin, linezolid and vancomycin. All vancomycin-susceptible E. faecalis isolates were inhibited by dalbavancin at ≤0.25 mg/L (FDA susceptible breakpoint). Dalbavancin was very active against BHS (MIC90 0.03 mg/L) and the most active agent against S. pneumoniae and VGS (highest MIC 0.25 mg/L). Ceftriaxone, daptomycin, levofloxacin and vancomycin were also active (93.5%-100.0% susceptible) against VGS, whereas clindamycin, erythromycin, penicillin and tetracycline had lower activity.
Conclusions: Dalbavancin appears to be a viable candidate for treating serious infections caused by GPC.

PMID: 29982565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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