Selection of Oral Anticoagulants in Ischemic Stroke Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation.

Link to article at PubMed

Related Articles

Selection of Oral Anticoagulants in Ischemic Stroke Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2018 Jun 30;:

Authors: Deguchi I, Tanahashi N, Takao M

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulant therapy is indicated for management of ischemic stroke patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. We retrospectively investigated how oral anticoagulants were selected for ischemic stroke patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.
METHODS: This study included 297 stroke patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation admitted to our hospital between September 2014 and December 2017, and who were subsequently transferred to other institutions or discharged home. Baseline clinical characteristics were compared between patients prescribed warfarin and those prescribed direct-acting oral anticoagulants.
RESULTS: In total, 280 of 297 (94.3%) patients received oral anticoagulant therapy, including 36 with warfarin, while 244 received direct oral anticoagulants. Age, percentage of heart failure, CHADS2 score before stroke onset, percentage of treatment with warfarin on admission, percentage of feeding tube at hospital discharge, and modified Rankin Scale at hospital discharge were significantly higher in the warfarin group versus the direct oral anticoagulants group, while creatinine clearance was significantly higher in the direct oral anticoagulant group. By multiple logistic regression, taking warfarin at admission and higher modified Rankin Scale at hospital discharge were associated with warfarin selection, while higher creatinine clearance was associated with direct oral anticoagulant selection (warfarin: odds ratio [OR] 7.10 [95% confidence interval {CI} 2.83-17.81]; modified Rankin Scale at hospital discharge: [OR] 1.47 [95% {CI} 1.06-2.04]; creatinine clearance: [OR] .97 [95% {CI} .95-.99]).
CONCLUSIONS: Selection of oral anticoagulants in acute ischemic stroke patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation was influenced by warfarin use at admission, clinical severity at hospital discharge, and renal function.

PMID: 29970321 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.