Usefulness of Tilt Testing and Carotid Sinus Massage for Evaluating Reflex Syncope.
Am J Cardiol. 2018 May 01;:
Authors: Rivasi G, Rafanelli M, Ungar A
Thirty years ago Tilt Testing (TT) was described as a tool in the diagnostic work-up of vasovagal syncope; after its initial success, some flaws have become evident. The concept of hypotensive susceptibility has provided the test a new relevance, shifting from diagnosis only, to therapeutic management. Carotid Sinus Massage (CSM) was introduced at the beginning of the XX century; the technique has evolved over years, whereas the concept of carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) has remained unchanged and uncontested for more than half a century. Nowadays, CSS is a matter of debate, with new classifications and criteria coming on the scene. Recently, a common central etiological mechanism has been hypothesized for reflex syncope, manifesting as CSS, vasovagal syncope or both. In this context, TT and CSM acquire an important role in clinical practice, being essential for a complete diagnosis and treatment. Recalling their historical background, the present paper illustrates an actual interpretation of TT and CSM.
PMID: 29954601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]