Impact of an antiretroviral stewardship strategy on medication error rates.

Link to article at PubMed

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Impact of an antiretroviral stewardship strategy on medication error rates.

Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2018 May 02;:

Authors: Shea KM, Hobbs AL, Shumake JD, Templet DJ, Padilla-Tolentino E, Mondy KE

Abstract
PURPOSE: The impact of an antiretroviral stewardship strategy on medication error rates was evaluated.
METHODS: This single-center, retrospective, comparative cohort study included patients at least 18 years of age infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who were receiving antiretrovirals and admitted to the hospital. A multicomponent approach was developed and implemented and included modifications to the order-entry and verification system, pharmacist education, and a pharmacist-led antiretroviral therapy checklist. Pharmacists performed prospective audits using the checklist at the time of order verification. To assess the impact of the intervention, a retrospective review was performed before and after implementation to assess antiretroviral errors.
RESULTS: Totals of 208 and 24 errors were identified before and after the intervention, respectively, resulting in a significant reduction in the overall error rate (p < 0.001). In the postintervention group, significantly lower medication error rates were found in both patient admissions containing at least 1 medication error (p < 0.001) and those with 2 or more errors (p < 0.001). Significant reductions were also identified in each error type, including incorrect/incomplete medication regimen, incorrect dosing regimen, incorrect renal dose adjustment, incorrect administration, and the presence of a major drug-drug interaction. A regression tree selected ritonavir as the only specific medication that best predicted more errors preintervention (p < 0.001); however, no antiretrovirals reliably predicted errors postintervention.
CONCLUSION: An antiretroviral stewardship strategy for hospitalized HIV patients including prospective audit by staff pharmacists through use of an antiretroviral medication therapy checklist at the time of order verification decreased error rates.

PMID: 29720459 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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