Optimal Timing of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients With Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health [KAMIR-NIH]).
Am J Cardiol. 2018 Mar 01;:
Authors: Kim MC, Jeong MH, Sim DS, Hong YJ, Kim JH, Ahn Y, Ahn TH, Seung KB, Choi DJ, Kim HS, Gwon HC, Seong IW, Hwang KK, Chae SC, Hur SH, Cha KS, Oh SK, Chae JK, KAMIR-NIH registry investigators
The optimal timing of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), complicated by acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), is unclear. A total of 1,027 patients with NSTEMI complicated by ADHF who underwent successful PCI were analyzed using a Korean multicenter registry. All patients were divided into 4 groups by the timing of PCI: group 1 (PCI < 2 hour after admission, n = 149), group 2 (2 to 24 hours, n = 577), group 3 (24 to 72 hours, n = 189), and group 4 (≥72 hours, n = 112). We analyzed the incidences of 12-month mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), target-vessel revascularization, and rehospitalization because of HF. The prevalence of ADHF in patients with NSTEMI was 15.2% at initial presentation, and in-hospital mortality was higher in group 1 than in the other groups. There were no significant differences in mortality, nonfatal MI, target-vessel revascularization, or rehospitalization for HF during the 12-month follow-up between groups, regardless of initial PCI timing, except for a higher 12-month mortality in patients who received PCI within 24 hours (vs ≥24 hours) (hazard ratio 1.52, 95% confidence interval 1.09 to 2.29, p = 0.046). Early PCI did not reduce adverse clinical outcomes in patients with NSTEMI complicated by ADHF. Delayed PCI after stabilization may be reasonable in such high-risk patients.
PMID: 29680172 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]