Comparison of the effects of edoxaban, an oral direct factor Xa inhibitor, on venous thromboembolism between patients with and without cancer.
J Cardiol. 2018 Apr 13;:
Authors: Ikeda S, Koga S, Yamagata Y, Eguchi M, Sato D, Muroya T, Yonekura T, Tsuneto A, Yoshimuta T, Koide Y, Kawano H, Maemura K
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a frequent and serious complication of cancer. The current guidelines in the USA and Europe recommend low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for the treatment of cancer-associated VTE. In Japan, LMWH is not given for the treatment of VTE; instead edoxaban, an oral direct factor Xa inhibitor, was approved for the treatment of VTE in September 2014. However, the efficacy and safety of the factor Xa inhibitor in cancer patients have not been fully elucidated.
METHODS: Patients' charts were reviewed retrospectively, and 125 VTE patients (61 cancer patients) in whom edoxaban therapy was started between September 2014 and September 2016 were included in this study. Patients' demographics, changes in VTE amount, VTE recurrence, clinically relevant bleeding, and outcomes until February 2017 were examined.
RESULTS: Patients' characteristics, including age, sex, weight, creatinine clearance, and duration of administration of edoxaban were comparable between cancer and non-cancer patients. No parenteral anticoagulant pretreatment before edoxaban was given in 37.5% and 55.7% of non-cancer and cancer patients, respectively. The incidence of pulmonary embolism was also similar in the two groups. The amount of thrombosis decreased ("improved") or disappeared ("normalized") in 89.6% and 94.1%, respectively, of non-cancer and cancer patients who underwent at least two imaging tests. The frequencies of recurrence of VTE and clinically relevant bleeding were not significantly different between the two groups (p=0.414 and 0.516, respectively). However, 21 cancer patients died, 17 of whom died of cancer, while none of the non-cancer patients died.
CONCLUSION: The present study showed that the efficacy and safety of edoxaban for the treatment of VTE is comparable between cancer and non-cancer patients. Edoxaban may be a clinically useful therapy for VTE in Japanese cancer patients.
PMID: 29661489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]