National Internal Medicine Milestone Ratings: Validity Evidence From Longitudinal Three-Year Follow-Up.
Acad Med. 2018 Apr 03;:
Authors: Hauer KE, Vandergrift J, Lipner RS, Holmboe ES, Hood S, McDonald FS
PURPOSE: To evaluate validity evidence for internal medicine milestone ratings across programs for three resident cohorts by quantifying "not assessable" ratings; reporting mean longitudinal milestone ratings for individual residents; and correlating medical knowledge ratings across training years with certification examination scores to determine predictive validity of milestone ratings for certification outcomes.
METHOD: This retrospective study examined milestone ratings for postgraduate year (PGY) 1-3 residents in United States internal medicine residency programs. Data sources included milestone ratings, program characteristics, and certification examination scores.
RESULTS: Among 35,217 participants, there was a decreased percentage with "not assessable" ratings across years: 1,566 (22.5%) PGY1s in 2013-2014 versus 1,219 (16.6%) in 2015-2016 (P = .01), and 342 (5.1%) of PGY3s in 2013-2014 versus 177 (2.6%) in 2015-2016 (P = .04). For individual residents with three years of ratings, mean milestone ratings increased from around 3 (behaviors of an early learner or advancing resident) in PGY1 (ranging from a mean of 2.73 to 3.19 across subcompetencies) to around 4 (ready for unsupervised practice) in PGY3 (mean of 4.00 to 4.22 across subcompetencies, P < .001 for all subcompetencies). For each increase of 0.5 units in two medical knowledge (MK1, MK2) subcompetency ratings, the difference in examination scores for PGY3s was 19.5 points for MK1 (P < .001) and 19.0 for MK2 (P < .001).
CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide evidence of validity of the milestones by showing how training programs have applied them over time and how milestones predict other training outcomes.
PMID: 29620673 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]