Independent risk factors for mortality in critically ill patients with candidemia on Italian Internal Medicine Wards.
Intern Emerg Med. 2018 Jan 10;:
Authors: Sbrana F, Sozio E, Bassetti M, Ripoli A, Pieralli F, Azzini AM, Morettini A, Nozzoli C, Merelli M, Rizzardo S, Bertolino G, Carrara D, Scarparo C, Concia E, Menichetti F, Tascini C
Candida is an increasing cause of bloodstream infection and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of our study is to analyze risk factors for short-term mortality in patients with bloodstream Candida spp. infections admitted to Internal Medicine Wards (IMWs). This was a retrospective case-control study between January 2012 and December 2014 from four University Hospitals in Italy, where patients with candidemia dying within 30 days from diagnosis were matched to control cases with candidemia who survived in the same period of time. Two-hundred and fifty cases of candidemia were registered during the 36 months of enrollment. Among these, 112 patients died (45%) within 30 days from the first blood culture's positivity for Candida spp. At multivariate analysis, septic shock [odds ratio (95% CI) = 2.919 (1.62-5.35), p < 0.001] and concomitant chronic kidney failure [odds ratio (95% CI) = 2.296 (1.07-5.12), p = 0.036] were independent predictors of mortality. Low-dose chronic steroid therapy was protective [odds ratio (95% CI) = 0.461 (0.25-0.83), p = 0.011).
PMID: 29322386 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]