Role of albumin in cirrhosis: from a hospitalist’s perspective.

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Role of albumin in cirrhosis: from a hospitalist's perspective.

J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect. 2017 Jan;7(1):8-14

Authors: Walayat S, Martin D, Patel J, Ahmed U, N Asghar M, Pai AU, Dhillon S

Albumin, a negatively charged globular protein encoded on chromosome 4, is one of the most abundant proteins in the plasma and accounts for approximately 75% of plasma oncotic pressure. The role of albumin in the management of various disease states has shown to be beneficial historically. Low serum albumin is a predictor of mortality and poor outcomes. In cirrhotics undergoing paracentesis, albumin infusion prevents rapid re-accumulation of ascitic fluid while simultaneously decreasing the risk of post-paracentesis related circulatory dysfunction. Additionally, albumin is utilized in patients with hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). Overall, albumin appears to be an effective pharmacological agent in the management of cirrhosis and its complications.

PMID: 28634518 [PubMed]

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