Outcomes associated to serum phosphate levels in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome.
Int J Cardiol. 2017 Jul 17;:
Authors: Xu H, Evans M, Gasparini A, Szummer K, Spaak J, Ärnlöv J, Lindholm B, Jernberg T, Carrero JJ
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between phosphate and the risk of adverse clinical outcomes in patients with manifest cardiovascular disease (CVD).
METHODS: Observational study of patients hospitalized during 2006-2011 in Stockholm, Sweden, because of suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The exposure was serum phosphate during the hospitalization. We modeled the association between phosphate and in-hospital death or in-hospital events (composite of myocardial infarction, cardiogenic shock, resuscitated cardiac arrest, atrial fibrillation, or atrioventricular block) as well as the one-year post-discharge risk of death or cardiovascular event (composite of myocardial re-infarction, heart failure and stroke). Confounders included demographics, comorbidities, kidney function, diagnoses, in-hospital procedures and therapies.
RESULTS: Included were 2547 patients (68% men, mean age 67±14years) with median phosphate of 1.10 (range 0.14-4.20) mmol/L. During hospitalization, 198 patients died and 328 suffered an adverse event. Within one year post-discharge, further 381 deaths and 632 CVD events occurred. The associations of phosphate with mortality and CVD were J-shaped, with highest risk magnitudes at higher phosphate levels. For instance, compared to patients in the 50th percentile of phosphate distribution, those above the 75th percentile (1.3mmol/L, normal range) had significantly higher odds for in-hospital death [odds ratio 1.36, 95% confidence interval (CI) (1.08-1.71)] and of CVD post-discharge [sub-hazard ratios 1.17 (1.03-1.33)].
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with suspected ACS, both higher and lower phosphate levels associated with increased risk of adverse outcomes during the index hospitalization and within one year post-discharge. The risk association was present already within normal-range serum phosphate values.
PMID: 28734575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]