Quality improvement in hospitals: barriers and facilitators.
Int J Health Care Qual Assur. 2017 Feb 13;30(1):16-24
Authors: Zoutman DE, Ford BD
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine quality improvement (QI) initiatives in acute care hospitals, the factors associated with success, and the impacts on patient care and safety. Design/methodology/approach An extensive online survey was completed by senior managers responsible for QI. The survey assessed QI project types, QI methods, staff engagement, and barriers and factors in the success of QI initiatives. Findings The response rate was 37 percent, 46 surveys were completed from 125 acute care hospitals. QI initiatives had positive impacts on patient safety and care. Staff in all hospitals reported conducting past or present hand-hygiene QI projects and C. difficile and surgical site infection were the next most frequent foci. Hospital staff not having time and problems with staff prioritizing QI with other duties were identified as important QI barriers. All respondents reported hospital leadership support, data utilization and internal champions as important QI facilitators. Multiple regression models identified nurses' active involvement and medical staff engagement in QI with improved patient care and physicians' active involvement and medical staff engagement with greater patient safety. Practical implications There is the need to study how best to support and encourage physicians and nurses to become more engaged in QI. Originality/value QI initiatives were shown to have positive impacts on patient safety and patient care and barriers and facilitating factors were identified. The results indicated patient care and safety would benefit from increased physician and nurse engagement in QI initiatives.
PMID: 28105882 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]