A multifaceted quality improvement strategy reduces the risk of catheter-associated urinary tract infection.

Link to article at PubMed

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A multifaceted quality improvement strategy reduces the risk of catheter-associated urinary tract infection.

Int J Qual Health Care. 2017 Jun 17;:1-7

Authors: Theobald CN, Resnick MJ, Spain T, Dittus RS, Roumie CL

Abstract
Objective: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are common and preventable hospital-acquired infections, yet their rate continues to rise nationwide. We describe the implementation of a multifaceted program to reduce catheter use and CAUTI rates while simultaneously addressing barriers to long-term success.
Design/Setting/Participants: Pre-post study of medical inpatient veterans between December 2012 and February 2015.
Intervention: Five component intervention: (i) a bedside catheter reminder; (ii) multidisciplinary educational campaign; (iii) structured catheter order set with clinical decision support; (iv) automated catheter discontinuation orders; and (v) protocol for post-catheter removal care.
Main Outcome Measure(s): Catheter utilization rates and CAUTI rates on the study ward were followed during the 14-week baseline period, the 27-week transition/intervention period and the 70-week period of full implementation/sustainability. Rates of patient falls per bed days and catheter reinsertions were collected during the same time periods as balancing measures.
Results: Catheter use declined by 35% from the baseline period to the full implementation/sustainability period. This improvement was not realized until deployment of the structured electronic orders with automated catheter discontinuation and protocolized post-catheter care. The average number of days between CAUTIs on the study ward increased from 101 days in the baseline period to over 400 days in the full implementation/sustainability period. There was no significant change in the rates of falls or catheter reinsertions during the study period.
Conclusions: A multicomponent intervention aimed specifically at targeting local barriers was successful in reducing catheter utilization as well as CAUTIs in a veteran population without compensatory increase in patient falls or catheter replacement.

PMID: 28633453 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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