Dis Mon. 2017 May 23;:
Authors: Biswas A, Jantz MA, Sriram PS, Mehta HJ
The term tracheobronchomalacia refers to excessively compliant and collapsible central airways leading to symptoms. Although seen as a coexisting condition with various other pulmonary condition, it may cause symptoms by itself. The condition is often misdiagnosed as asthma, bronchitis or just chronic cough due to a lack of specific pathognomonic history and clinical findings. The investigation revolves around different modes of imaging, lung function testing and usually confirmed by flexible bronchoscopy. The treatment widely varies based on the cause, with most cases treated conservatively with non-invasive ventilation. Some may require surgery or stent placement. In this article, we aim to discuss the pathophysiology behind this condition and recognize the common symptoms and causes of tracheobronchomalacia. The article will highlight the diagnostic steps as well as therapeutic interventions based on the specific cause.
PMID: 28549723 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]