Antibiotic Stewardship in Small Hospitals: Barriers and Potential Solutions.
Clin Infect Dis. 2017 May 02;:
Authors: Stenehjem E, Hyun DY, Septimus E, Yu KC, Meyer M, Raj D, Srinivasan A
Antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) improve antibiotic prescribing. 73% of United States (US) hospitals have < 200 beds. Small hospitals (< 200 beds) have similar rates of antibiotic prescribing compared to large hospitals but the majority of small hospitals lack ASPs that satisfy the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) core elements. All hospitals, regardless of size, are now required to have ASPs by The Joint Commission and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has proposed a similar requirement. Very few studies have described the successful implementation of ASPs in small hospitals. We describe barriers commonly encountered in small hospitals when constructing an antibiotic stewardship team, obtaining appropriate metrics of antibiotic prescribing, implementing antibiotic stewardship interventions, obtaining financial resources, and utilizing the microbiology laboratory. We propose potential solutions that tailor stewardship activities to the needs of the facility and the resources typically available.
PMID: 28472291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]