Biomarker Profiles in Heart Failure Patients With Preserved and Reduced Ejection Fraction.
J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Mar 30;6(4):
Authors: Tromp J, Khan MA, Klip IT, Meyer S, de Boer RA, Jaarsma T, Hillege H, van Veldhuisen DJ, van der Meer P, Voors AA
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers may help us to unravel differences in the underlying pathophysiology between heart failure (HF) patients with a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Therefore, we compared biomarker profiles to characterize pathophysiological differences between patients with HFrEF and HFpEF.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analyzed 33 biomarkers from different pathophysiological domains (inflammation, oxidative stress, remodeling, cardiac stretch, angiogenesis, arteriosclerosis, and renal function) in 460 HF patients (21% HFpEF, left ventricular ejection fraction ≥45%) measured at discharge after hospitalization for acute HF. The association between these markers and the occurrence of all-cause mortality and/or HF-related rehospitalizations at 18 months was compared between patients with HFrEF and HFpEF. Patients were 70.6±11.4 years old and 37.4% were female. Patients with HFpEF were older, more often female, and had a higher systolic blood pressure. Levels of high-sensitive C-reactive protein were significantly higher in HFpEF, while levels of pro-atrial-type natriuretic peptide and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide were higher in HFrEF. Linear regression followed by network analyses revealed prominent inflammation and angiogenesis-associated interactions in HFpEF and mainly cardiac stretch-associated interactions in HFrEF. The angiogenesis-specific marker, neuropilin and the remodeling-specific marker, osteopontin were predictive for all-cause mortality and/or HF-related rehospitalizations at 18 months in HFpEF, but not in HFrEF (P for interaction <0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: In HFpEF, inflammation and angiogenesis-mediated interactions are predominantly observed, while stretch-mediated interactions are found in HFrEF. The remodeling marker osteopontin and the angiogenesis marker neuropilin predicted outcome in HFpEF, but not in HFrEF.
PMID: 28360225 [PubMed - in process]