International experts’ practice in the antibiotic therapy of infective endocarditis is not following the guidelines.

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International experts' practice in the antibiotic therapy of infective endocarditis is not following the guidelines.

Clin Microbiol Infect. 2017 Mar 18;:

Authors: Tissot-Dupont H, Casalta JP, Gouriet F, Hubert S, Salaun E, Habib G, Fernandez-Gerlinger MP, Mainardi JL, Tattevin P, Revest M, Lucht F, Botelho-Nevers E, Gagneux-Brunon A, Snygg-Martin U, Chan KL, Bishara J, Vilacosta I, Olmos C, San Román JA, López J, Tornos P, Fernández-Hidalgo N, Durante-Mangoni E, Utili R, Paul M, Baddour LM, De Simone DC, Sohail MR, Steckelberg JM, Wilson WR, Raoult D

OBJECTIVE: The management of infective endocarditis (IE) may differ from international guidelines, even in reference centers. This is probably due to the fact that most recommendations are not based on hard evidence, so that the consensus obtained for the guidelines does not represent actual practices. For this reason, we aimed at evaluating this question in the particular field of antibiotic therapy.
METHODS: Thirteen international centers specialized in the management of IE were selected, according to their reputation, clinical results, original research publications and quotations. They were asked to detail their actual practice in terms of IE antibiotic treatment in various bacteriological and clinical situations. They were also asked to declare their IE-related in-hospital mortality for the year 2015.
RESULTS: The global compliance to guidelines concerning antibiotic therapy was of 58%, revealing the differences between theoretical « consensus », local recommendations, and actual practice. Some conflicts of interest were also probably expressed. The adherence to guidelines was of 100% when the protocol was simple, and decreased with the seriousness of the situation (Staphylococus spp - 54 to 62 %) or in blood culture negative endocarditis (0 to 15 %) that requires adaptation to clinical and epidemiological data.
CONCLUSION: Worldwide experts in IE management, although the majority of them were involved and co-signed the guidelines, do not follow international consensus guidelines on the particular point of the use of antibiotics.

PMID: 28323194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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