Elevated troponin I level assessed by a new high-sensitive assay and the risk of poor outcomes in patients with acute heart failure.
Int J Cardiol. 2017 Jan 05;:
Authors: Zymliński R, Sokolski M, Siwolowski P, Biegus J, Nawrocka S, Jankowska EA, Todd J, Yerramilli R, Estis J, Banasiak W, Ponikowski P
BACKGROUND: The interpretation and clinical usefulness of elevated levels of cardiac troponins in acute heart failure (AHF) remain controversial. We aimed to characterize the relationship between changes in cardiac troponin I (measured using a new high-sensitive immunoassay by single-molecule counting technology, Singulex, Alameda, USA; hs-TnI) during first 48h of hospital stay and patients' characteristics and the outcomes.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured hs-TnI at baseline, after 24 and 48h in 130 AHF patients (mean age: 65±13years, 77% men). The percentage of patients with elevated hs-TnI (i.e., above the upper reference limit [URL]>10.19pg/mL) were: on admission - 59%, after 24h - 61%, and after 48h - 58%. Elevated baseline level of hs-TnI was associated with more severe dyspnoea on admission but neither peak level nor changes in hs-TnI during first 48h were related to the dyspnoea severity or magnitude of dyspnoea relief. During 1-year follow-up there were 32 (25%) cardiovascular deaths. Neither absolute baseline nor peak values of hs-TnI predicted cardiovascular mortality. Only changes in hs-TnI were independently associated with cardiovascular mortality with the strongest relationship seen in peak change in hs-TnI: patients with an increase vs. remaining patients - hazard ratio (95% confidence interval): 3.22 (1.52-6.82)p=0.002.
CONCLUSIONS: Using the new assay (proved to be more sensitive that the other available troponin assays) we observed that approximately 60% of patients with AHF presented elevated hs-TnI above URL during first 48h of hospital stay. Only significant increase in hs-TnI predicted cardiovascular mortality.
PMID: 28069251 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]