Dramatic reduction of mortality in pneumococcal meningitis.
Crit Care. 2016 Oct 2;20(1):312
Authors: Buchholz G, Koedel U, Pfister HW, Kastenbauer S, Klein M
BACKGROUND: Acute bacterial meningitis is still a life threatening disease.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study on the clinical characteristics of consecutively admitted patients with acute pneumococcal meningitis in a single tertiary care center in central Europe (from 2003 until 2015). Data were compared with a previously published historical group of 87 patients treated for pneumococcal meningitis at the same hospital (from 1984 until 2002).
RESULTS: Fifty-five consecutive patients with microbiologically proven pneumococcal meningitis were included. Most striking, mortality was down to 5.5 %, which was significantly lower than in the historical group where 24.1 % of the patients did not survive. Intracranial complications during the course of the disease were common and affected half of the patients. Unlike in the historic group, most of the intracranial complications (except ischemic stroke) were no longer associated with a low Glasgow Outcome Score at discharge.
CONCLUSION: The drastic reduction of mortality proves there have been important advances in the treatment of pneumococcal meningitis. Nevertheless, the fact that only 44.2 % of survivors had a full recovery indicates that the search for new adjunctive treatment options must be ongoing.
PMID: 27716447 [PubMed - in process]