Improving Resident Communication in the Intensive Care Unit: The Proceduralization of Physician Communication with Patients and Their Surrogates.
Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2016 Jul 3;
Authors: Miller DC, McSparron JI, Clardy PF, Sullivan AM, Hayes MM
Effective communication between providers and patients and their surrogates in the intensive care unit (ICU) is crucial for delivery of high quality care. Despite the identification of communication as a key education focus by the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM), little emphasis is placed on teaching trainees how to effectively communicate in the ICU. Data is conflicting on the best way to teach residents, and institutions vary on their emphasis of communication as a key skill. There needs to be a cultural shift surrounding the education of medical residents in ICU: communication must be treated with the same emphasis, precision and importance as placing a central venous catheter in the ICU. We propose that high-stakes communications between physicians and patients or their surrogates must be viewed as a medical procedure that can be taught, assessed and quality controlled. Medical residents require training, observation and feedback in specific communication skillsets with the goal of achieving mastery. It is only through supervised training, practice in real time, observation and feedback that medical residents can become skillful practitioners of communication in the intensive care unit.
PMID: 27374415 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]