Acute Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Temporal Factors Associated With Positive Findings on Catheter Angiography After (99m)Tc-Labeled RBC Scanning.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Apr 21;:1-7
Authors: Chung M, Dubel GJ, Noto RB, Yoo DC, Baird GL, Prince EA, Murphy TP, Haaga TL, Ahn SH
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine if time to positive (TTP), defined as the time from the start of (99m)Tc-labeled RBC scanning to the appearance of a radionuclide blush (considered to be a positive finding for acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding [LGIB]), and lag time (LT), defined as the time from the appearance of a radionuclide blush to the start of catheter angiography (CA), affected the yield of CA for the detection of acute LGIB.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: TTP and LT were retrospectively evaluated in 120 patients who had positive findings for acute LGIB on (99m)Tc-labeled RBC scanning and subsequently underwent CA for the diagnosis and localization of gastrointestinal bleeding. Two nuclear medicine fellowship-trained radiologists independently reviewed the (99m)Tc-labeled RBC scans. Two fellowship-trained interventional radiologists independently reviewed the angiograms. All data were analyzed using SAS software.
RESULTS: When a TTP threshold of ≤ 9 minutes was used, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for a positive CA study were 92%, 35%, 27%, and 94%, respectively. In addition, the odds of detecting bleeding on CA increased 6.1-fold with a TTP of ≤ 9 minutes relative to a TTP of > 9 minutes (p = 0.020). A significant inverse relationship was found between LT and a positive CA study (p = 0.041).
CONCLUSION: TTP and LT impact the rate of positive CA studies. A TTP threshold of ≤ 9 minutes allows the detection of almost all patients who would benefit from CA for treatment and allows a reduction in unnecessary negative CA studies. The likelihood of positive findings on CA decreases with a delay in the performance of CA.
PMID: 27101433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]