Comparison of clinical outcomes and risk factors in polymicrobial versus monomicrobial enterococcal bloodstream infections.
Am J Infect Control. 2016 Apr 11;
Authors: Lagnf AM, Zasowski EJ, Claeys KC, Casapao AM, Rybak MJ
BACKGROUND: Enterococcal bloodstream infections (EBSIs) are frequently polymicrobial but scant data describe the outcomes and risk factors of polymicrobial EBSI. This study describes the outcomes and risk factors of polymicrobial versus monomicrobial EBSI.
METHODS: In this single-center, retrospective, matched cohort study, patients with polymicrobial EBSI were matched 1:1 to patients with monomicrobial EBSI by age ± 10 years, EBSI source, Pitt bacteremia score, and enterococcal species. Conditional logistic regression was performed to determine independent predictors of 30-day mortality and polymicrobial EBSI.
RESULTS: In 142 matched pairs, 30-day mortality was 18.3% versus 21.1% (P = .551) in monomicrobial and polymicrobial EBSI, respectively. In multivariable analysis, recent chemotherapy/radiation (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 4.799; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.814-12.696), chronic renal disease (aOR, 2.310; 95% CI, 1.176-4.539), and Pitt bacteremia score (aOR, 1.399; 95% CI, 1.147-1.706) were associated with 30-day mortality. Recent chemotherapy/radiation (aOR, 2.770; 95% CI, 1.016-7.551), and recent antibiotic exposure (aOR, 1.892; 95% CI, 1.157-3.092) were positively associated with polymicrobial EBSI, whereas chronic hemodialysis was negatively associated (aOR, 0.496; 95% CI, 0.29-81).
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, polymicrobial EBSI were not independently associated with mortality. Risk factors for, and the clinical implications of, polymicrobial EBSI should be further studied to inform clinical management and improve outcomes.
PMID: 27079241 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]