Cardiac troponin in patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
J Hosp Med. 2016 Feb 18;
Authors: Yousufuddin M, Abdalrhim AD, Wang Z, Murad MH
BACKGROUND: Elevated cardiac troponin (cTn) is often observed in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). We assessed the magnitude of association and quality of supporting evidence between cTn and clinically important outcomes in persons hospitalized for ADHF.
METHODS: We searched MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus from inception through February 28, 2015. The outcomes analyzed included hospital length of stay (LOS), readmissions, and mortality. Random effects meta-analysis was used to combine outcomes across studies.
RESULTS: We included 26 clinical studies. A detectable or elevated cTn was associated with increased LOS (odds ratio [OR]: 1.05; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01-1.10), increased in-hospital mortality (OR: 2.57; 95% CI: 2.27-2.91), and a composite of mortality and major adverse events (OR: 1.33; 95% CI: 1.03-1.71) during hospitalization. ADHF patients with a detectable or elevated cTn were at increased risk for mortality and composite of mortality and readmission over the short term (mortality OR: 2.11; 95% CI: 1.43-3.12; composite OR: 2.81; 95% CI: 1.60-4.92), intermediate term (mortality OR: 2.21; 95% CI: 1.46-3.35; composite OR: 2.30; 95% CI: 1.78-2.99), and long term (mortality OR: 3.69; 95% CI: 2.64-5.18; composite OR: 3.49; 95% CI: 2.08-5.84). The overall confidence in estimates was moderate.
CONCLUSIONS: Among ADHF patients, a detectable or elevated cTn identifies subjects at increased risk for adverse clinical outcomes during acute hospitalization and those at higher risk for postdischarge mortality and composite of readmission and mortality. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2016. 2016 Society of Hospital Medicine.
PMID: 26889916 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]