Sacubitril/Valsartan: A Review in Chronic Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction.
Drugs. 2016 Mar;76(3):387-396
Authors: McCormack PL
Sacubitril/valsartan (Entresto™; LCZ696) is an orally administered supramolecular sodium salt complex of the neprilysin inhibitor prodrug sacubitril and the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) valsartan, which was recently approved in the US and the EU for the treatment of chronic heart failure (NYHA class II-IV) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). In the large, randomized, double-blind, PARADIGM-HF trial, sacubitril/valsartan reduced the incidence of death from cardiovascular causes or first hospitalization for worsening heart failure (composite primary endpoint) significantly more than the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalapril. Sacubitril/valsartan was also superior to enalapril in reducing death from any cause and in limiting the progression of heart failure. Sacubitril/valsartan was generally well tolerated, with no increase in life-threatening adverse events. Symptomatic hypotension was significantly more common with sacubitril/valsartan than with enalapril; the incidence of angio-oedema was low. Therefore, sacubitril/valsartan is a more effective replacement for an ACE inhibitor or an ARB in the treatment of HFrEF, and is likely to influence the basic approach to treatment.
PMID: 26873495 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]