Novel therapies for severe Clostridium difficile colitis.

Link to article at PubMed

Novel therapies for severe Clostridium difficile colitis.

Curr Opin Crit Care. 2016 Jan 14;

Authors: Waltz P, Zuckerbraun B

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is becoming a large healthcare burden with increasing incidence, high recurrence rates, and associated morbidity and mortality. Disease severity varies from mild to severe and complicated presentations. Current mainstays of therapy in severe CDI include: fluid resuscitation, support of organ dysfunction, discontinuation of inciting agents, and antibiotic treatment.
RECENT FINDINGS: Recent focus on the impact of the microbiome and targeted therapies to reconstitute biodiversity may provide alternative therapeutic modalities with higher success and lower recurrence rates. Newer antibiotics are under development, along with targeted immunotherapies that attempt to neutralize pathogenic toxins. Alternative surgical options from traditional subtotal colectomy may provide a less morbid surgical option for those requiring intervention.
SUMMARY: With further understanding of the pathogenesis and shortcomings of current therapies, the future of management of CDI may include a multimodal approach focusing on microbiota and immunologic therapies that could result in improved cure with reduced recurrence.

PMID: 26771898 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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