Scalable hospital at home with virtual physician visits: pilot study.
Am J Manag Care. 2015 Oct;21(10):675-684
Authors: Summerfelt WT, Sulo S, Robinson A, Chess D, Catanzano K
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of a substitutive Hospital at Home (HaH) model where physician care was provided via 2-way biometrically enhanced tele-video for a 34-day care episode.
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, nonrandomized, quasi-experiment.
METHODS: Using medical record and patient survey data, we compared patients cared for in HaH (n = 50) versus the traditional acute care hospital (n = 52).
RESULTS: Patients in HaH had substantial contact with the HaH physician, as well as in-person visits with nurse practitioners and other care providers. HaH patients were more satisfied with their care in multiple domains and met illness-specific quality standards at similar rates to hospital comparison patients. Functional outcomes were notable for a trend toward improvements in activities of daily living among HaH patients. Compared with hospital patients at 90 days after discharge, HaH patients were less likely to experience a hospital readmission (adjusted odds ratio, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.21-0.72).
CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study suggests that a scalable substitutive model of HaH using biometrically enhanced 2-way tele-video, virtual physician visits, and caring for patients over a 34-day episode is safe, feasible, highly satisfactory, and may be associated with substantial reductions in hospital readmissions.
PMID: 26633092 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]