Association of socioeconomic and clinical variables with the state of frailty among older inpatients.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2015 Dec;23(6):1121-9
Authors: Tavares DM, Nader ID, Paiva MM, Dias FA, Pegorari MS
OBJECTIVES: to identify the prevalence of frailty among inpatient older adults in a clinical hospital and check the association of the socioeconomic and clinical characteristics with the state of frailty.
METHOD: observational, cross-sectional and analytical study, conducted with 255 hospitalized patients. Materials used: structured instrument for the economical and clinical data and frailty phenotype of Fried. Descriptive and bivariate statistical analysis was carried out and, by means of chi-square tests and ANOVA One-way (p<0.05).
RESULTS: the prevalence of frailty corresponded to 26.3%, while pre-frailty represented 53.3%. The highest proportion of frail seniors was identified for 80 years or older (p = 0.004), widowed (p = 0.035) and with the highest average length of stay (p = 0.006).
CONCLUSION: inpatient older adults presented high percentages of frail states associated with socioeconomic variables and hospitalization period. The identification of the health conditions related to pre-frailty and frailty can foster the planning and implementation of the assistance to older adults in this context.
PMID: 26626004 [PubMed - in process]