Septic shock in chronic dialysis patients: clinical characteristics, antimicrobial therapy and mortality.

Link to article at PubMed

Septic shock in chronic dialysis patients: clinical characteristics, antimicrobial therapy and mortality.

Intensive Care Med. 2015 Nov 25;

Authors: Clark E, Kumar A, Langote A, Lapinsky S, Dodek P, Kramer A, Wood G, Bagshaw SM, Wood K, Gurka D, Sood MM, Cooperative Antimicrobial Therapy of Septic Shock Database Research Group

OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics and in-hospital mortality of chronic dialysis-dependent end-stage kidney disease patients with septic shock in comparison to septic shock patients not receiving chronic dialysis.
METHODS: Using an international, multicenter database, we conducted a retrospective analysis of data collected from 10,414 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with septic shock from 1989 to 2013, of which 800 (7.7 %) were chronic dialysis patients. Data on demographic characteristics, sites of infection, microbial pathogens, antimicrobial usage patterns, and in-hospital mortality were aggregated and compared for chronic dialysis and non-dialysis patients. Multivariate time-varying Cox models with and without propensity score matching were constructed to determine the association between dialysis and in-hospital death.
RESULTS: Septic shock secondary to central venous catheter infection, peritonitis, ischemic bowel, and cellulitis was more frequent in chronic dialysis patients. The isolation of resistant organisms (10.7 vs. 7.1 %; p = 0.005) and delays in receiving antimicrobials (6.0 vs. 5.0 h) were more common in chronic dialysis patients than in non-dialysis patients. Delayed appropriate antimicrobial therapy was associated with an increased risk of death in chronic dialysis patients (p < 0.0001). In-hospital death occurred in 54.8 and 49.0 % of chronic dialysis and non-dialysis patients, respectively. After propensity score matching, there was no difference in overall survival between chronic dialysis and non-dialysis patients, but survival in chronic dialysis patients decreased over time compared to non-dialysis patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The demographic and clinical characteristics of chronic dialysis patients with septic shock differ from those of similar non-dialysis patients. However, there was no significant difference in mortality between the chronic dialysis and non-dialysis patients with septic shock enrolled in this analysis.

PMID: 26607816 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *