Radiological Evaluation of Bowel Ischemia.
Radiol Clin North Am. 2015 Nov;53(6):1241-54
Authors: Dhatt HS, Behr SC, Miracle A, Wang ZJ, Yeh BM
Intestinal ischemia, which refers to insufficient blood flow to the bowel, is a potentially catastrophic entity that may require emergent intervention or surgery in the acute setting. Although the clinical signs and symptoms of intestinal ischemia are nonspecific, computed tomography (CT) findings can be highly suggestive in the correct clinical setting. In our article, we review the CT diagnosis of arterial, venous, and nonocclusive intestinal ischemia. We discuss the vascular anatomy, pathophysiology of intestinal ischemia, CT techniques for optimal imaging, key and ancillary radiological findings, and differential diagnosis.
PMID: 26526436 [PubMed - in process]