Thrombophilia testing patterns amongst patients with acute venous thromboembolism.
Thromb Res. 2015 Oct 15;
Authors: Meyer MR, Witt DM, Delate T, Johnson SG, Fang M, Go A, Clark NP
BACKGROUND: Thrombophilia testing has limited value in determining the selection and duration of anticoagulation therapy for venous thromboembolism (VTE), yet is commonly performed. This study describes the patterns and appropriateness of thrombophilia testing in a large cohort of patients with acute VTE.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of a random sample of patients with a validated diagnosis of acute VTE diagnosed between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2010. Events were identified from administrative data and verified via manual review. Patients were grouped by thrombophilia testing status and compared on patient characteristics and thrombophilia testing results and appropriateness.
RESULTS: Of 1314 patients with validated VTE, 315 (24%) underwent thrombophilia testing, 62 (20%) of whom had ≥1 positive test. Tested patients were younger and more likely to have had a family history of VTE. Factor V Leiden (17%) and prothrombin G20210A mutation (4%) were the most commonly detected thrombophilias. Only 31 (10%) of tested patients met eligibility criteria for thrombophilia testing (i.e., at least one strong thrombophilic risk factor present) and were tested at least 90days following unprovoked index VTE.
CONCLUSIONS: Thrombophilia is commonly evaluated in patients without a clear indication for testing and during times where results may be unreliable. Future studies are needed to assess interventions aimed at reducing inappropriate thrombophilia testing without adversely affecting patient outcomes.
PMID: 26477821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]