Predictors of Admission After Emergency Department Discharge in Older Adults.
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Dec 23;
Authors: Gabayan GZ, Sarkisian CA, Liang L, Sun BC
OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of hospital inpatient admission of older Medicare beneficiaries after discharge from the emergency department (ED).
DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.
SETTING: Nonfederal California hospitals (n = 284).
PARTICIPANTS: Visits of Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 and older discharged from California EDs in 2007 (n = 505,315).
MEASUREMENTS: Using the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development files, predictors of hospital inpatient admission within 7 days of ED discharge in older adults (≥65) with Medicare were evaluated.
RESULTS: Hospital inpatient admissions within 7 days of ED discharge occurred in 23,340 (4.6%) visits and were associated with older age (70-74: adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.12, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.07-1.17; 75-79: AOR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.13-1.23; ≥80: AOR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.35-1.46), skilled nursing facility use (AOR = 1.82, 95% CI = 1.72-1.94), leaving the ED against medical advice (AOR = 1.82, 95% CI = 1.67-1.98), and the following diagnoses with the highest odds of admission: end-stage renal disease (AOR = 3.83, 95% CI = 2.42-6.08), chronic renal disease (AOR = 3.19, 95% CI = 2.26-4.49), and congestive heart failure (AOR = 3.01, 95% CI = 2.59-3.50).
CONCLUSION: Five percent of older Medicare beneficiaries have a hospital inpatient admission after discharge from the ED. Chronic conditions such as renal disease and heart failure were associated with the greatest odds of admission.
PMID: 25537073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]