The experiences of patients with ascites secondary to cancer: a qualitative study.
Palliat Med. 2013 Sep;27(8):739-46
Authors: Day R, Mitchell T, Keen A, Perkins P
BACKGROUND: Ascites secondary to cancer has a dramatic effect on all aspects of patients' lives. Healthcare professional surveys have shown that there is considerable variation in the management of ascites.
AIM: To explore patients' experiences of living with ascites and its management.
DESIGN: Qualitative research study using digitally recorded semi-structured interviews.
SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Twelve adult patients with ascites who, between them, had undergone 47 paracentesis procedures in hospitals and/or specialist palliative care units in Southern England.
RESULTS: Symptoms were pain, discomfort and effects on appetite, digestion, breathing and mobility. All participants had experienced paracentesis in hospital or a specialist palliative care unit, and these experiences differed. They had views on what constituted a good procedure: setting, competence and pain control. They reported rapid improvement of symptoms after paracentesis. While some did not like the idea of a semi-permanent drain, those with them appreciated the convenience and not having to wait for repeated admissions or the recurrence of symptoms. The interval between ascitic taps was seen as a useful guide as to when a semi-permanent drain should be offered. Participants had mixed views on participation in a hypothetical randomised controlled trial of repeated ascitic taps versus semi-permanent drains.
CONCLUSION: Patients' experiences of ascites management are variable and could be improved. These experiences can inform healthcare professionals. They have views on when semi-permanent drains should be offered and future research.
PMID: 23558342 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]