Clinical significance and outcomes of Clostridium perfringens bacteremia–a 10-year experience at a tertiary care hospital.

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Clinical significance and outcomes of Clostridium perfringens bacteremia--a 10-year experience at a tertiary care hospital.

Int J Infect Dis. 2013 Nov;17(11):e955-60

Authors: Yang CC, Hsu PC, Chang HJ, Cheng CW, Lee MH

BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of patients with Clostridium perfringens bacteremia is 27-44%. Typically, the clinical characteristics of this infection are non-specific, which leads to considerable difficulty with the diagnosis and early initiation of appropriate therapy.
METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients who were hospitalized between August 2002 and July 2011 with C. perfringens bacteremia was conducted within a 3715-bed teaching hospital in northern Taiwan. The patients identified in this search were included when they had fever or other clinical features suggestive of systemic infection. Multiple logistic regression analysis was applied to determine the independent risk factors of 30-day mortality.
RESULTS: A total of 93 patients were identified. Elderly patients with comorbid illnesses, especially renal insufficiency or malignancy, were at risk of developing C. perfringens bacteremia, and 23 patients (24.7%) had nosocomial bacteremia. The 30-day and attributed mortalities were 26.9% (25/93) and 8.6% (8/93), respectively. Nosocomial infection was a significant predictor for mortality within 30 days (odds ratio 19.378, 95% confidence interval 2.12-176.99; p=0.009), independent of other disease parameters. Other independent risk factors included the Charlson weighted index of comorbidity, length of hospitalization, and stay in the intensive care unit.
CONCLUSIONS: Early recognition of this critical infection and early initiation of appropriate antibiotic treatment by surgical intervention or drainage is essential.

PMID: 23578849 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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