An academic hospitalist model to improve healthcare worker communication and learner education: Results from a quasi-experimental study at a veterans affairs medical center.
J Hosp Med. 2013 Nov 18;
Authors: Saint S, Fowler KE, Krein SL, Flanders SA, Bodnar TW, Young E, Moseley RH
BACKGROUND: Although hospitalists may improve efficiency and quality of inpatient care, their effect on healthcare-worker communication and education has been less well-studied.
OBJECTIVE: To test various approaches to improving healthcare-worker communication and learner education within the context of a newly designed academic hospital medicine program.
DESIGN: Before-and-after design with concurrent control group.
SETTING: A Midwestern Veterans Affairs medical center.
INTERVENTION: Multimodal systems redesign of 1 of 4 medical teams (Gold team) that included clinical modifications (change in rounding structure, with inclusion of nurses, a Clinical Care Coordinator, and a pharmacist) and educational interventions (providing explicit expectations of learners and providing a reading list for both learners and attending physicians).
MEASUREMENTS: Number of admissions, length of stay, readmissions, house officer and medical student ratings of attendings' teaching, medical student internal medicine National Board of Medical Examiners Subject Examination ("shelf" exam) scores, and clinical staff surveys.
RESULTS: Length of stay was reduced by about 0.3 days on all teams after the initiative began (P = 0.004), with no significant differences between Gold and non-Gold teams. The majority of physicians (83%) and nurses (68%) felt that including nurses during rounds improved healthcare-worker communication; significantly more nurses were satisfied with communication with the Gold team than with the other teams (71% vs 53%; P = 0.02). Gold attendings generally received higher teaching scores compared with non-Gold attendings, and third-year medical students on the Gold team scored significantly higher on the shelf exam compared with non-Gold team students (84 vs 82; P = 0.006).
CONCLUSIONS: Academic hospitalists working within a systems redesign intervention were able to improve healthcare-worker communication and enhance learner education without increasing patient length of stay or readmission rates. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2013;. © 2013 Society of Hospital Medicine.
PMID: 24249096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]