Description and predictive factors of infection in patients with chronic kidney disease admitted to the critical care unit.
J Infect. 2013 Oct 15;
Authors: Contou D, d'Ythurbide G, Messika J, Ridel C, Parrot A, Djibré M, Hertig A, Rondeau E, Fartoukh M
OBJECTIVES: To describe the spectrum of infection and multidrug-resistant bacterial colonization, and to identify early predictors of infection in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) admitted to the critical care unit (CCU).
METHODS: A 7-month observational prospective single-centre study in a French university hospital.
RESULTS: 791 patients were admitted to the CCU, 135 of whom (17%) had severe CKD. Among these, 41 (30%) were infected on admission. Infection was microbiologically documented in 32 patients (78%), of which 7 (22%) were related to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. There was no infection related to extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing enterobacteriaceae despite a 12% carriage rate on admission. A temperature ≥37.6 °C and a leukocyte count >12.000/mm(3) were specific but poorly sensitive of infection (91% and 80%, and 45% and 39%, respectively). Using the threshold of 0.85 ng/ml, procalcitonin was a strong independent predictor of infection on admission (OR 12.8, 95% CI 4.4-37.3). Age (≥60 years) and the cause of CKD were two other predictors.
CONCLUSIONS: Infection accounts for one-third of CCU admissions in CKD patients, with a high prevalence of P. aeruginosa. The usual diagnostic criteria are inaccurate for diagnosing infection in this population. A procalcitonin ≥0.85 ng/ml might be helpful for early identifying CKD patients with infection.
PMID: 24140065 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]