Early short-term doxycycline therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction and left ventricular dysfunction to prevent the ominous progression to adverse remodelling: the TIPTOP trial.
Eur Heart J. 2013 Oct 8;
Authors: Cerisano G, Buonamici P, Valenti R, Sciagrà R, Raspanti S, Santini A, Carrabba N, Dovellini EV, Romito R, Pupi A, Colonna P, Antoniucci D
AIMS: Experimental studies suggest that doxycycline attenuates post-infarction remodelling and exerts protective effects on myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury. However, the effects of the drug in the clinical setting are unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of doxycycline on left ventricular (LV) remodelling in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and LV dysfunction.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Open-label, randomized, phase II trial. Immediately after primary percutaneous coronary intervention, patients with STEMI and LV ejection fraction <40% were randomly assigned to doxycycline (100 mg b.i.d. for 7 days) in addition to standard therapy, or to standard care. The echo LV end-diastolic volumes index (LVEDVi) was determined at baseline and 6 months. (99m)Tc-Sestamibi-single-photon emission computed tomography infarct size and severity were assessed at 6 months. We calculated a sample size of 110 patients, assuming that doxycycline may reduce the increase in the LVEDVi from baseline to 6 months >50% compared with the standard therapy (statistical power >80% with a type I error = 0.05). The 6-month changes in %LVEDVi were significant smaller in the doxycycline group than in the control group [0.4% (IQR: -16.0 to 14.2%) vs.13.4% (IQR: -7.9 to 29.3%); P = 0.012], as well as infarct size [5.5% (IQR: 0 to 18.8%) vs. 10.4% (IQR: 0.3 to 29.9%) P = 0.052], and infarct severity [0.53 (IQR: 0.43-0.62) vs. 0.44 (IQR: 0.29-0.60), P = 0.014], respectively.
CONCLUSION: In patients with acute STEMI and LV dysfunction, doxycycline reduces the adverse LV remodelling for comparable definite myocardial infarct size (NCT00469261).
PMID: 24104875 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]