Comparative Outcomes of Younger and Older Hospitalized Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Treated with Corticosteroids.
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013 Oct 7;
Authors: Weber NK, Bruining DH, Loftus EV, Tremaine WJ, Augustin JJ, Becker BD, Kammer PP, Harmsen WS, Zinsmeister AR, Pardi DS
BACKGROUND:: Data on the differences in inpatient treatment approaches and outcomes between younger and older patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are limited. Therefore, we used a parallel cohort study design to compare outcomes between younger and older patients with IBD.
METHODS:: All anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-naive patients aged 60 years and older hospitalized at our institution between 2003 and 2011 and treated with corticosteroids for an IBD flare were matched 1:1 to younger patients aged 18 to 50 years. Rates of corticosteroid response, colectomy, and initiation of anti-TNF therapy were compared.
RESULTS:: Sixty-five patients were identified in each cohort. Median ages were 70 years (range, 60-94) and 30 years (range, 18-50) for the older and younger groups, respectively. Twenty-three percent of older patients were refractory to corticosteroids compared with 38% of the younger cohort (odds ratio, 0.5; 95% confidence intervals, 0.2-1.1). Older corticosteroid-refractory patients had surgery (80% versus 72%) and were started on anti-TNF therapy (20% versus 12%; P = 0.71), at a similar frequency as younger patients. Older steroid-responsive patients were less likely to start an anti-TNF agent during the first year of follow-up than younger patients (7% versus 31%, P = 0.006), but there was no difference in 1-year colectomy rates (27% versus 28%, P = 0.63).
CONCLUSIONS:: Corticosteroid response was similar in older and younger patients hospitalized for IBD. Inpatient treatment for corticosteroid-refractory patients was similar between cohorts. Older corticosteroid-responsive patients were less likely to be treated with an anti-TNF than younger patients.
PMID: 24105393 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]