How to reduce antibiotic consumption for community-acquired pneumonia?
Med Mal Infect. 2013 Feb;43(2):52-9
Authors: Montassier E, Goffinet N, Potel G, Batard E
BACKGROUND: The difficulty to diagnose community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and the lack of scientific data regarding the optimal duration of antibiotic therapy are responsible for overprescribing antibiotics.
OBJECTIVE: The authors had for objective to perform a systematic review of the international medical literature on strategies aimed at reducing antibiotic consumption for CAP.
METHODS: We performed a Pubmed search using the keywords CAP, antibiotic use, duration of antibiotic therapy, procalcitonin, short-course treatment, and biomarkers. We then made a critical review of the selected articles.
RESULTS: Our review identified two strategies used to reduce antibiotic consumption for CAP. The first one was based on procalcitonin (PCT) use. This strategy, even though reducing the duration of antibiotic therapy, does not seem optimal since it is associated with longer antibiotic treatment than recommended by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Moreover, this strategy is associated with an increased cost in biochemical tests. The other strategy is based on a 2-step clinical reassessment: 1) during the first 24 hours of hospitalization, to confirm the diagnosis of CAP and 2) during hospitalization, to shorten the duration of antibiotic therapy according to the patient's clinical status.
CONCLUSION: Clinical reassessment, currently little studied compared to PCT guidance algorithm, seems to be promising to reduce antibiotic consumption for CAP. Especially since it was never compared to PCT guidance strategy in a randomized clinical trial.
PMID: 23433607 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]